Baptisme : Diferéncia entre versions

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[[File:Cappella brancacci, Battesimo dei neofiti (restaurato), Masaccio2.jpg|thumb|Baptisme de neofits per [[Masaccio]], sègle XV, capèla Brancacci, [[Florença]].<ref>Cal notar qu' es un imatge de batisme per versament d'aiga subre lo front, desparièr del baptisme per immersion jos l'aiga. Aqueste mòde de baptisme contunha d'èsser utilizat dins los paises de l'èst, levat pels mainatges, mas a l'oèst foguèt abandonat cap al sègle XV, e l'artista pòt aver causit una forma arcaïca per pintar lo batisme de Sant Pèire.</ref>]]
 
Lo '''baptisme''' o '''bateg''' o '''batejada''' o '''batejament''' o '''batejat''' (del [[grèc]] βαπτίζω ''baptizo'': "immercion", " far d'ablucions")<ref name="LSJ">{{cite encyclopedia |first=Henry George |last=Liddell |authorlink=Henry Liddell |coauthors=[[Robert Scott (philologist)|Robert Scott]], [[Henry Stuart Jones]] and Roderick McKenzie |encyclopedia=[[A Greek-English Lexicon]] |titletítol=βαπτίζω |url=http://artfl.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.3:4:114.lsj |year=1940 |publisher=[[Tufts University]] |location=[[Medford, Massachusetts]] |isbn=0-19-864226-1}}</ref> es un acte ritual [[cristianisme|crestian]], amb utilizacion d'aiga, per lo qual una persona es admesa coma sòci de la [[Glèisa]].<ref>"Through Baptism we are freed from sin and reborn as sons of God; we become members of Christ, are incorporated into the Church and made sharers in her mission" ([http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0015/__P3G.HTM Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1213];] "Holy Baptism is the sacrament by which God adopts us as his children and makes us members of Christ's Body, the Church, and inheritors of the kingdom of God" ([http://anglicansonline.org/basics/catechism.html#Holy Book of Common Prayer, 1979, Episcopal );] "Baptism is the sacrament of initiation and incorporation into the body of Christ" ([http://www.backriverumc.com/userFiles/1257/overview_of_baptism.pdf An United Methodist Understanding of Baptism);] "As an initiatory rite into membership of the Family of God, baptismal candidates are symbolically purified or washed as their sins have been forgiven and washed away" ([http://www.baptisthistory.org/pamphlets/baptism.htm William H. Brackney, Believer's Baptism)].</ref>
 
[[Jèsus Crist|Jèsus]] se meteis foguèt batejat.<ref>{{bibleref2|Matthew|3:16}}, {{bibleref2|Mark|1:9-10}}, {{bibleref2|Luke|3:21}}</ref> La forma usuala del baptisme entre los primièrs crestians èra per lo candidat d'èsser banhat totalament o parcialament.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/hcc1.i.IX.54.html |first=Philip |last=Schaff |title= Baptism |work=History of the Christian Church, Volume I: Apostolic Christianity. A.D. 1-100.|year=2009 |quote=The usual form of baptism was [[immersion baptism|immersion]]…. But sprinkling, also, or copious pouring rather, was practised at an early day with sick and dying persons, and in all such cases where total or partial immersion was impracticable}}</ref><ref>{{cite encyclopedia |títol=Baptism |first=W. |last=Fanning |year=1907 |encyclopedia=[[Catholic Encyclopedia]] |location=New York City |publisher=Robert Appleton Company |url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02258b.htm |quote=The most ancient form usually employed was unquestionably immersion}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/507284/Roman-Catholicism/43691/Baptism |title=Roman Catholicism: Baptism |work=[[Encyclopædia Britannica]] |year=2009 |quote=Two points of controversy still exist in modern times. One is baptism by pouring or sprinkling water on the head rather than by immersion of the entire body, even though [[immersion baptism|immersion]] was probably the biblical and early Christian rite}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |first=Adela Yarbro |last=Collins |chapter=The Origin of Christian Baptism |chapterurl=http://books.google.com/books?id=dWx4GGR3jusC&pg=PA35 |editor=Maxwell E. Johnson |title=Living Water, Sealing Spirit: Readings on Christian Initiation |publisher=Liturgical Press |location=[[Collegeville Township,
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