Jerusalèm : Diferéncia entre versions

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Durant sa longa istòria, Jerusalèm foguèt destruïta dos còps, assejada 23 còps, atacada 52 còps, e presa e tornar presa 44 còps.<ref name="Moment">:<small>{{Ligam web|url=http://www.momentmag.com/Exclusive/2008/2008-03/200803-Jerusalem.html |publisher=Moment Magazine |títol=Do We Divide the Holiest Holy City? |accessdate=5 March 2008| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20080603214950/http://www.momentmag.com/Exclusive/2008/2008-03/200803-Jerusalem.html| archivedate = 3 June 2008}}. According to Eric H. Cline’s tally in Jerusalem Besieged.:</small></ref> La part pus vièlha de la vila foguèt establida al [[millenni IV abC]] abans JC, fasent de Jerusalèm una de las pus anciana ciutat del mond.<ref name="aice">:<small>{{Ligam web|url=http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Peace/jerutime.html |títol=Timeline for the History of Jerusalem |work=Jewish Virtual Library |accessdate=16 April 2007 |publisher=American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise}}:</small></ref> La vila vièlha al dintre dels barris, un site del [[Patrimòni Mondial de l'Umanitat]], es devesida tradicionalament en quatre quartièrs, e mai que los noms utilizats uèi: quartièrs [[Quartièr Armèni|armèni]], [[Quartièr Crestian|crestian]], [[Quartièr Josieu (Jerusalèm)|josieu]], e [[Muslim Quarter|Muslim]] o foguèsson pas que dempuèi lo sègle XIX.<ref>:<small>{{Cite book|títol=Jerusalem in the 19th Century, The Old City |last=Ben-Arieh |first=Yehoshua |publisher=Yad Izhak Ben Zvi & St. Martin's Press |year=1984 |page=14 |isbn=0312441878}}:</small></ref> La vila vièlha foguèt nomenada per èsser inclusa dins la [[Lista del Patrimòni de l'Umanitat en Perilh]] per Jordania en 1982.<ref>:<small>{{Ligam web|url=http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/148 |títol=Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls |publisher=Whc.unesco.org |accessdate=11 September 2010}}:</small></ref>
 
Uèi, l'estatut de Jerusalèm demora un problèma central del [[Conflicte Israelopalestinian]]. Pendent la [[Guèrra Araboisraeliana de 1948]], [[Jerusalèm Oèst]] foguèt entre los airals envasits puèi annexats per Israèl, mentre que [[Jerusalèm Èst]] foguèt capturat per [[Jordania]]. Israèl s'emparèt de Jerusalèm Èst en 1967 durant la [[Guèrra dels Sièis Jorns]] en seguida de que lo territòri foguèt annexat. Actualament, la [[Leis Basicas d'Israèl|Lei Basica israeliana]] fa de Jerusalèm la capitala indevesibla del país. La comunautat internacionala regeta l'annexion coma illegala e considèra Jerusalèm Èst coma un territòri palestinian jos ocupacion militara israeliana.<ref>:<small>{{cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-11709617|title=Israel plans 1,300 East Jerusalem Jewish settler homes|work=BBC News |date=9 November 2010|quote=East Jerusalem is regarded as occupied Palestinian territory by the international community, but Israel says it is part of its territory.}}:</small></ref><ref>:<small>{{Cite book|títol=The Question of Palestine & the United Nations|publisher=United Nations Department of Public Information|chapter=The status of Jerusalem|chapter-url=http://www.un.org/Depts/dpi/palestine/ch12.pdf|quote=East Jerusalem has been considered, by both the General Assembly and the Security Council, as part of the occupied Palestinian territory.|postscript=<!-- Bot inserted parameter. Either remove it; or change its value to "." for the cite to end in a ".", as necessary. -->{{inconsistent citations}}}}:</small></ref><ref>:<small>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8538791.stm Israeli authorities back 600 new East Jerusalem homes] BBC 26 February 2010:</small></ref><ref>:<small>[http://domino.un.org/unispal.nsf/0/441329a958089eaa852560c4004ee74d?OpenDocument Resolution 298 September 25, 1971:] "Recalling its resolutions ... concerning measures and actions by Israel designed to change the status of the Israeli-occupied section of Jerusalem,...":</small></ref> La comunautat internacionala reconeis pas Jerusalèm coma capitala d'Israèl, e la vila albèrga pas cap d'ambassada estrangièra. Mas lo 6 de decembre 2017, Donald Trump qu'anóncia que reconeís Jerusalèm coma capitala de l'Estat israelian e romp amb la diplomacia seguida per sos predecessors<ref>http://www.lemonde.fr/proche-orient/article/2017/12/07/ce-qu-il-faut-retenir-de-la-decision-de-donald-trump-sur-le-statut-de-jerusalem_5226111_3218.html</ref>.
 
Segon l'[[Oficina Centrala Palestiniana d'Estatisticas]] {{formatnum:208000}} palestinians demòran a Jerusalèm Èst, qu'es propausada per l'[[Autoritat Nacionala Palestiniana]] coma futura capitala d'un futur Estat Palestinian.<ref name="umd">:<small>{{Ligam web|url=http://www.publicpolicy.umd.edu/IPPP/Fall97Report/negotiating_jerusalem.htm |last=Segal |first=Jerome M. |publisher=The University of Maryland School of Public Policy |títol=Negotiating Jerusalem |accessdate=25 February 2007 |date=Fall 1997| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20060514191731/http://www.publicpolicy.umd.edu/IPPP/Fall97Report/negotiating_jerusalem.htm| archivedate = 14 May 2006}}:</small></ref><ref>:<small>{{Cite journal|author=Møller, Bjørn |títol=A Cooperative Structure for Israeli-Palestinian Relations |version=Working Paper No. 1 |publisher=Centre for European Policy Studies |month=November | year=2002 |url=http://shop.ceps.be/downfree.php?item_id=171 |format=PDF |accessdate=16 April 2007| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20040106192631/http://shop.ceps.be/downfree.php?item_id=171| archivedate = 6 January 2004}}:</small></ref><ref name="Jpost_EJ_P">:<small>[http://fr.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1202246355071&pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull Palestinians grow by a million in decade]:</small></ref>
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