Pinyin : Diferéncia entre versions

3 770 octets aponduts ,  fa 7 anys
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== Prononciacion ==
{| class="wikitable" style="width:95%; font-size:95%; margin:auto;"
 
|-
!'''Pinyin'''||'''API'''||'''Equivalent aproximattiu'''||'''Detalhs'''
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||''b''|| p}|| poder ||non-aspirat
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||''p''|| {{IPAblink|pʰ}}|| pas ||fortament aspirat
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||''m''|| {{IPAblink|m}}|| <u>m</u>ay ||as in English '''m'''u'''mm'''y
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||''f''|| {{IPAblink|f}}|| <u>f</u>air ||as in English '''f'''un
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||''d''|| {{IPAblink|t}}|| s<u>t</u>op ||unaspirated '''t''', as in s'''t'''op
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||''t''|| {{IPAblink|tʰ}}|| <u>t</u>ake ||strongly aspirated '''t''', as in '''t'''op
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||''n''|| {{IPAblink|n}}|| <u>n</u>ay ||as in English '''n'''it
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||''l''|| {{IPAblink|l}}|| <u>l</u>ay ||as in English '''l'''ove
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||''g''|| {{IPAblink|k}}|| s<u>k</u>ill ||unaspirated '''k''', as in s'''k'''ill
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||''k''|| {{IPAblink|kʰ}}|| <u>k</u>ay ||strongly aspirated '''k''', as in '''k'''ill
|-
||''h''|| {{IPAblink|x}}|| lo<u>ch</u> ||roughly like the [[Scots language|Scots]] '''ch'''. English '''h''' as in '''h'''ay or, more closely in some American dialects, '''h'''ero is an acceptable approximation. The best way to produce this sound is by very slowly making a "k" sound, pausing at the point where there is just restricted air flowing over the back of your tongue (after the release at the beginning of a "k")
|-
||''j''|| {{IPAblink|tɕ}}|| chur<u>ch</u>yard ||No equivalent in English, but similar to an unaspirated "-chy-" sound when said quickly. Like ''q,'' but unaspirated. Not the '''s''' in A'''s'''ia, despite the common English pronunciation of "Beijing". The sequence "ji" word-initially is the same as the Japanese pronunciation of {{lang|ja|[[じ]](ジ)}} ''ji''.
|-
||''q''|| {{IPAblink|tɕʰ}}|| pun<u>ch y</u>ourself ||No equivalent in English. Like pun'''ch y'''ourself, with the lips spread wide with ''ee''. Curl the tip of the tongue downwards to stick it at the back of the teeth and strongly aspirate. The sequence "qi" word-initially is the same as the Japanese pronunciation of {{lang|ja|[[ち]](チ)}} ''chi''.
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||''x''|| {{IPAblink|ɕ}} || pu<u>sh y</u>ourself ||No equivalent in English. Like '''-sh y-''', with the lips spread and the tip of your tongue curled downwards and stuck to the back of teeth when you say ''ee.'' The sequence "xi" is the same as the Japanese pronunciation of {{lang|ja|[[し]](シ)}} ''shi''.
|-
||''zh''|| {{IPAblink|tʂ}}|| <u>j</u>unk ||Rather like '''ch''' (a sound between '''ch'''oke, '''j'''oke, '''tr'''ue, and '''dr'''ew, tongue tip curled more upwards). Voiced in a toneless syllable.
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||''ch''|| {{IPAblink|tʂʰ}}|| chur<u>ch</u> ||as in '''ch'''in, but with the tongue curled upwards; very similar to nur'''tu'''re in American English, but strongly aspirated.
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||''sh''|| {{IPAblink|ʂ}}|| <u>sh</u>irt ||as in '''sh'''oe, but with the tongue curled upwards; very similar to mar'''sh''' in American English
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||''r''|| {{IPAblink|ʐ}}, {{IPAblink|ɻ}} || <u>r</u>ay ||Similar to the English '''z''' in a'''z'''ure and '''r''' in '''r'''educe, but with the tongue curled upwards, like a cross between English "r" and French "j". In [[Cyrillization of Chinese from pinyin|Cyrillised Chinese]] the sound is rendered with the letter "ж".
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||''z''|| {{IPAblink|ts}}|| rea<u>ds</u> ||unaspirated '''c''', similar to something between su'''ds''' and ca'''ts'''; as in su'''ds''' in a toneless syllable
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||''c''|| {{IPAblink|tsʰ}}|| ha<u>ts</u> ||like the English '''ts''' in ca'''ts''', but strongly aspirated, very similar to the Czech, Polish and Slovak '''c'''.
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||''s''|| {{IPAblink|s}}|| <u>s</u>ay ||as in '''s'''un
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||''w''|| {{IPAblink|w}} || <u>w</u>ay ||as in '''w'''ater.*
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||''y''|| {{IPAblink|j}}, {{IPAblink|ɥ}} || <u>y</u>ea ||as in '''y'''es. Before a ''u'', pronounce it with rounded lips.*
|}
===Referéncias===
<references />
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