Caçaire-culheire : Diferéncia entre versions

Eth periode arcaic american vedèc un cambi environamental per causa d'un clima mès sec e er escandiemnt dera megafauna (45). Plan d'aguesti grops qu'èren ena epoca grops de caçaires-culheires qu'es movien plan, mès adar grops individuals començaren a cercar hònts de minjar locauments. damb eth temps i a ua generalizacion d'un creishement d'estils regionals coma es deth sud-èst, Artic, Poverty, dalton o Plano, tradicions pro conegudes. Aguestes adaptacions regionals demorarien era norma damb ua dependencia cada còp mès petita sus caçar o cuélher e ua economia barrejada de petita caça, peish e ,segontes era sason, verdura salvatge e tamben plantes amassades pendent tot er an (46)(47).
# '''Jump up^''' Marlowe, F. W. (2005). "Hunter-gatherers and human evolution". ''Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews'' '''14''' (2): 54–67. doi:10.1002/evan.20046. edit
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# '''Jump up^''' Lee, Richard B (2005). ''Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and Gatherers''. Cambridge University Press. p. inside front cover. ISBN 9780521609197.
# '''Jump up^''' Binford, Louis. R. (1986) Human ancestors: Changing views of their behavior. ''Journal of Anthropological Archaeology '''3''':235-257.''
# '''Jump up^''' The Last Rain Forests: A World Conservation Atlas by David Attenborough, Mark Collins
# '''Jump up^''' Fagan, B: ''People of the Earth'', pages 169-181. Scott, Foresman, 1989.
# '''Jump up^''' Douglas John McConnell (1992). ''The forest-garden farms of Kandy, Sri Lanka''. p. 1. ISBN 9789251028988.
# '''Jump up^''' Diamond, Jared. (1998). ''Guns, Germs and Steel''. London: Vintage. ISBN 0-09-930278-0.
# '''Jump up^''' Blades, B. 2003. End scraper reduction and hunter-gatherer mobility. American Antiquity 68:141-156.
# '''Jump up^''' Karen Endicott 1999. Gender relations in hunter-gatherer societies. In R.B. Lee and R. Daly (eds), ''The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and Gatherers.'' Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 411-418.
# '''Jump up^''' Erdal, D. and A. Whiten 1994. On human egalitarianism: an evolutionary product of Machiavellian status escalation?''Current Anthropology'' 35(2): 175-183.
# '''Jump up^''' Erdal, D. and A. Whiten 1996. Egalitarianism and Machiavellian intelligence in human evolution. In P. Mellars and K. Gibson (eds), ''Modelling the early human mind.''Cambridge: McDonald Institute Monographs.
# '''Jump up^''' Boehm, C. 2001. ''Hierarchy in the Forest. The evolution of egalitarian behavior.'' Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
# '''Jump up^''' "Noble or savage?". ''The Economist''.
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# ^ Jump up to:<sup>'''''a'''''</sup> <sup>'''''b'''''</sup> Gowdy, John M. (1998). ''Limited Wants, Unlimited Means: A Reader on Hunter-Gatherer Economics and the Environment''. St Louis: Island Press. p. 342. ISBN 1-55963-555-X.
# ^ Jump up to:<sup>'''''a'''''</sup> <sup>'''''b'''''</sup> Dahlberg, Frances. (1975). ''Woman the Gatherer''. London: Yale university press. ISBN 0-300-02989-6.
# '''Jump up^''' Erdal, D. & Whiten, A. (1996) "Egalitarianism and Machiavellian Intelligence in Human Evolution" in Mellars, P. & Gibadfson, K. (eds) Modelling the Early Human Mind. Cambridge MacDonald Monograph Series
# ^ Jump up to:<sup>'''''a'''''</sup> <sup>'''''b'''''</sup> Thomas M. Kiefer (Spring 2002). "Anthropology E-20". ''Lecture 8 Subsistence, Ecology and Food production''. Harvard University. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
# '''Jump up^''' Marlowe, F. W. 2004. Marital residence among foragers. Current Anthropology 45 (2): 277-284.
# '''Jump up^''' Hawkes, K., J. F. O’Connell, N. G. Blurton Jones, H. P. Alvarez, and E. L. Charnov. 1998. Grandmothering, Menopause, and the Evolution of Human Life-Histories.''Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America'' 95: 1336-9.
# '''Jump up^''' Knight, C. 2008. Early human kinship was matrilineal. In N. J. Allen, H. Callan, R. Dunbar and W. James (eds.), ''Early Human Kinship.'' Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 61-82.
# '''Jump up^''' Biesele, M. 1993. ''Women Like Meat. The folklore and foraging ideology of the Kalahari Ju/'hoan.'' Witwatersrand: University Press.
# '''Jump up^''' Stefan Lovgren. "Sex-Based Roles Gave Modern Humans an Edge, Study Says". ''National Geographic News''. Retrieved 2008-02-03.
# '''Jump up^''' Testart, A. 1986. ''Essai sur les fondements de la division sexuelle du travail chez les chasseurs-cueilleurs.'' Paris: Éditions de l’École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales.
# '''Jump up^''' Biesele, Megan; Barclay, Steve (March 2001). "Ju/'Hoan Women's Tracking Knowledge And Its Contribution To Their Husbands' Hunting Success". ''African Study Monographs''. Suppl.26: 67–84.
# '''Jump up^''' Sahlins, M. (1968). "Notes on the Original Affluent Society", ''Man the Hunter.'' R.B. Lee and I. DeVore (New York: Aldine Publishing Company) pp. 85-89. ISBN 0-202-33032-X. See also: Jerome Lewis, 'Managing abundance, not chasing scarcity', ''Radical Anthropology'', No.2, 2008, and John Gowdy, 'Hunter-Gatherers and the Mythology of the Market' in Lee, Richard B (2005). ''Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and Gatherers''.
# '''Jump up^''' Sackett, R. 1996. Time, energy, and the indolent savage. A quantitative cross-cultural test of the primitive affluence hypothesis. Ph.D. diss., University of California, Angles.
# '''Jump up^''' Guenevere, Michael; Kaplan, Hillard (2007). "'Longevity amongst Hunter-gatherers'". ''Population and Development Review'' '''33''' (2): 319.
# '''Jump up^''' Kelly, Robert L. (1995). ''The Foraging Spectrum: Diversity in Hunter-Gatherer Life ways''. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. ISBN 1-56098-465-1.
# '''Jump up^''' Portera, Claire C.; Marlowe, Frank W. (January 2007)."How marginal are forager habitats?" (PDF). ''Journal of Archaeological Science'' '''34''' (1): 59–68.doi:10.1016/j.jas.2006.03.014.
# '''Jump up^''' Lee, Richard B. & Daly, Richard, eds., ed. (1999). ''The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and Gatherers''. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-60919-4.
# '''Jump up^''' Kelly, Raymond (October 2005). "The evolution of lethal intergroup violence". ''PNAS'' '''102''' (43): 15294–15298.doi:10.1073/pnas.0505955102. PMC 1266108.PMID 16129826.
# '''Jump up^''' Wilmsen, Edwin (1989). ''Land Filled With Flies: A Political Economy of the Kalahari''. University Of Chicago Press.ISBN 0-226-90015-0.
# '''Jump up^''' Lee, Richard B.; Guenther, Mathias (1995). "Errors Corrected or Compounded? A Reply to Wilmsen". ''Current Anthropology'' (36): 298–305.
# '''Jump up^''' Lee, Richard B. (1992). "Art, Science, or Politics? The Crisis in Hunter-Gatherer Studies". ''American Anthropologist''(94): 31–54.
# '''Jump up^''' Marlowe, Frank (2002). ''<nowiki>Ethnicity, Hunter-Gatherers and the 'Other'</nowiki>''. Smithsonian Institution Press. p. p247.
# '''Jump up^''' Shultziner, Doron (2010). "The causes and scope of political egalitarianism duringthe Last Glacial: a multi-disciplinary perspective". ''Biology and Philosophy'' '''25''': 319.doi:10.1007/s10539-010-9196-4.
# '''Jump up^''' Nicolas Peterson; John Taylor (1998). "Demographic transition in a hunter-gatherer population: the Tiwi case, 1929-1996". ''Australian Aboriginal Studies'' (Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies)'''1998'''.
# '''Jump up^''' "Atlas of the Human Journey-The Genographic Project". National Geographic Society. 1996–2008. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
# '''Jump up^''' "The peopling of the Americas: Genetic ancestry influences health". ''Scientific American''. Retrieved 2009-11-17.
# '''Jump up^''' "Alternate Migration Corridors for Early Man in North America". ''American Antiquity, Vol. 44, No. 1 (Jan., 1979), p2''. JSTOR 279189.
# '''Jump up^''' ""Mitochondrial DNA Studies of Native Americans: Conceptions and Misconceptions of the Population Prehistory of the Americas", Evolutionary Anthropology"(pdf). University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 2003. p. 12:7–18. Retrieved 2009-11-17. <code>|first1=</code> missing<code>|last1=</code> in Authors list (help)
# '''Jump up^''' Broster, John (2002). "Paleoindians in Tennessee". Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation. Tennessee Historical Society. Online Edition provided by:The University of Tennessee Press. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
# '''Jump up^''' "Blame North America Megafauna Extinction On Climate Change, Not Human Ancestors". ScienceDaily. 2001. Retrieved 2010-04-10.
# '''Jump up^''' Fiedel, Stuart J (1992). ''Prehistory of the Americas''(Digitised online by Google books). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-42544-5. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
# '''Jump up^''' Stuart B. Schwartz, Frank Salomon (1999-12-28). ''The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas''(Digitised online by Google books). Cambridge University Pre
==Tà léger més ==
* Barnard, A. J., ed. (2004). ''Hunter-gatherers in history, archaeology and anthropology''. Berg. ISBN 1-85973-825-7.
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