Jerusalèm : Diferéncia entre versions

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correccions divèrsas
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* "Since 1975 unified Jerusalem has been the largest city in Israel." ([http://www.britannica.com/ebi/article-203247 "Jerusalem"], [[Encyclopædia Britannica|Encyclopædia Britannica Online]], 2006. Retrieved 18 October 2006. [http://web.archive.org/web/20080621103517rn_1/student.britannica.com/comptons/article-203247/Jerusalem Archived] 21 June 2008)
* "Jerusalem is the largest city in the State of Israel. It has the largest population, the most Jews and the most non-Jews of all Israeli cities." (Klein, Menachem. ''Jerusalem: The Future of a Contested City'', New York University Press, 1 March 2001, p. 18. ISBN 0-8147-4754-X)
* "In 1967, Tel Aviv was the largest city in Israel. By 1987, more ''Jews'' lived in Jerusalem than the total population of Tel Aviv. Jerusalem had become Israel's premier city." (Friedland, Roger and Hecht, Richard. ''To Rule Jerusalem'', University of California Press, 19 September 2000, p. 192. ISBN 0-520-22092-7).</ref> a l'encòp en populacion e en superfícia,<ref name="cbs">{{Ligam web|url=http://www.cbs.gov.il/hodaot2006n/11_06_106e.pdf |publisher=Central Bureau of Statistics |títol=Press Release: Jerusalem Day |date=24 May 2006 |accessdate=10 March 2007 |format=PDF}}</ref> amb 763,800{{formatnum:763800}} abitants subre una [[aira|superfícia]] de {{unitat|125.1 km2|km|2}}.<ref name="mfa-40th">{{Ligam web|url=http://www.cbs.gov.il/population/new_2009/table3.pdf|format=PDF|publisher=Israel Central Bureau of Statistics |títol=TABLE 3. – POPULATION(1) OF LOCALITIES NUMBERING ABOVE 2,000 RESIDENTS AND OTHER RURAL POPULATION ON 31/12/2008|accessdate=26 October 2009}}</ref><ref name="profile">{{Ligam web|url=http://www.cbs.gov.il/population/new_2009/table3.pdf|publisher=[[Israel Central Bureau of Statistics]]|títol=Local Authorities in Israel 2007, Publication #1295 – Municipality Profiles – Jerusalem|accessdate=31 December 2007|format=PDF|language=Hebrew}}:</small></ref>
 
Jerusalèm es una vila santa per las tres religions abrahamicas màger: [[Judaïsme]], [[Cristianisme]] e [[Islam]]. Per lo Judaïsme, Jerusalèm es una vila santa dempuèi que, segon l'ancian Testament biblic, lo rei [[David]] d'Israèl ne faguèt la capitala del [[Reialme d'Israèl]] en 1000 ab JC, e son filh [[Salamon (Bíblia)|Salomon]] comandèt la bastison del [[Temple de Jerusalèm|primièr Temple]] dins la vila.<ref name="1000BCE">:<small>Since the 10th century BCE:{{ref label|bible-david|v|a}}
* "Israel was first forged into a unified nation from Jerusalem some 3,000 years ago, when [[David|King David]] seized the crown and united the [[Israelites|twelve tribes]] from this city ... For a thousand years Jerusalem was the seat of Jewish sovereignty, the household site of kings, the location of its legislative councils and courts. In exile, the Jewish nation came to be identified with the city that had been the site of its ancient capital. Jews, wherever they were, prayed for its restoration." Roger Friedland, Richard D. Hecht. ''To Rule Jerusalem'', University of California Press, 2000, p. 8. ISBN 0-520-22092-7
* "The Jewish bond to Jerusalem was never broken. For three millennia, Jerusalem has been the center of the Jewish faith, retaining its symbolic value throughout the generations." [http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Facts%20About%20Israel/State/Jerusalem-%20the%20Holy%20City Jerusalem- the Holy City], Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 February 2003. Accessed 24 March 2007.
* {{Cite book|title=What Everyone Needs to Know about Islam |publisher=Oxford University Press |date=2 November 2002 |last=Esposito |first=John L. |authorlink=John Esposito |accessdate=11 March 2007 |isbn=0195157133 |page=157 |quote=The Night Journey made Jerusalem the third holiest city in Islam}}
* {{Cite book|title=Religion and State: The Muslim Approach to Politics |last=Brown |first=Leon Carl |publisher=Columbia University Press |date=15 September 2000 |isbn=0231120389 |page=11 |chapter=Setting the Stage: Islam and Muslims |quote=The third holiest city of Islam—Jerusalem—is also very much in the center ... |accessdate=11 March 2007}}
* {{Cite book|title=The Holy City: Jerusalem in the Theology of the Old Testament |last=Hoppe |first=Leslie J. |publisher=Michael Glazier Books |month=August |year=2000 |isbn=0814650813 |page=14 |quote=Jerusalem has always enjoyed a prominent place in Islam. Jerusalem is often referred to as the third holiest city in Islam ... |accessdate=11 March 2007}}:</small></ref><ref>:<small>"Middle East peace plans" by Willard A. Beling": The Aqsa Mosque on the Temple Mount is the third holiest site in Sunni Islam after Mecca and Medina:</small></ref> Venguèt la primièra ''[[Qibla]]'', lo punt focal per la pregària musulmana ([[Salah]]) en 610 CE,<ref>:<small>{{cite book|editor1-last=Lewis|editor1-first=Bernard|editor2-last=Holt|editor2-first=P. M.|editor3-last=Lambton|editor3-first=Ann|title=Cambridge History of Islam|year=1986|publisher=Cambridge University Press}}:</small></ref> e segon la tradicion islamica, [[Maomet]] i faguèt son [[Isra and Mi'raj|viatge nocturne]] detz ans pus tard.<ref>:<small>{{Quran-usc-range|17|1|end=3}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book |last=Allen |first=Edgar |authorlink=Edgar Allen |year=2004 |title=States, Nations, and Borders: The Ethics of Making Boundaries |publisher=Cambridge University Press |isbn=0521525756 |url=http://books.google.com/?id=bntCSupRlO4C&pg=PA192&dq=Al-Masjid+Al-Aqsa |accessdate=9 June 2008}}</ref> En consequéncia, e malgrat una superfícia de solament {{unitat|0.9 km2|km|2}},<ref>{{Cite book|last=Kollek |first=Teddy |authorlink=Teddy Kollek |chapter=Afterword |editor=John Phillips |title=A Will to Survive – Israel: the Faces of the Terror 1948-the Faces of Hope Today|publisher=Dial Press/James Wade|year=1977|quote=about {{convert|225|acre|km2}}}}:</small></ref> la Vila Vièlha albergaalbèrga de sites d'importància religiosa clau, entre eles cal senhalar: lo [[Mont del Temple]], lo [[Mur Oèst]], la [[Glèisa del Sant Sepulcre]], la [[Copòla de la Ròca]] e la [[mosqueta Al-Aqsa]].
 
Durant sa longa istòria, Jerusalèm foguèt destruïta dos còps, assejada 23 còps, atacada 52 còps, e presa e tornar presa 44 còps.<ref name="Moment">:<small>{{Ligam web|url=http://www.momentmag.com/Exclusive/2008/2008-03/200803-Jerusalem.html |publisher=Moment Magazine |títol=Do We Divide the Holiest Holy City? |accessdate=5 March 2008| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20080603214950/http://www.momentmag.com/Exclusive/2008/2008-03/200803-Jerusalem.html| archivedate = 3 June 2008}}. According to Eric H. Cline’s tally in Jerusalem Besieged.:</small></ref> La part pus vièlha de la vila foguèt establida al [[millenni IV abC]] abans JC, fasent de Jerusalèm una de las pus anciana ciutat del mond.<ref name="aice">:<small>{{Ligam web|url=http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Peace/jerutime.html |títol=Timeline for the History of Jerusalem |work=Jewish Virtual Library |accessdate=16 April 2007 |publisher=American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise}}:</small></ref> La vila vièlha al dintre dels barris, un site del [[Patrimòni Mondial de l'Umanitat]], es devesida tradicionalament en quatre quartièrs, e mai que los noms utilizats uèi: quartièrs [[Quartièr Armèni|armèni]], [[Quartièr Crestian|crestian]], [[Quartièr Josieu (Jerusalèm)|josieu]], e [[Muslim Quarter|Muslim]] o foguèsson pas que dempuèi lo sègle XIX.<ref>:<small>{{Cite book|títol=Jerusalem in the 19th Century, The Old City |last=Ben-Arieh |first=Yehoshua |publisher=Yad Izhak Ben Zvi & St. Martin's Press |year=1984 |page=14 |isbn=0312441878}}:</small></ref> La vila vièlha foguèt nomenada per èsser inclusa dins la [[Lista del Patrimòni de l'Umanitat en Perilh]] per Jordania en 1982.<ref>:<small>{{Ligam web|url=http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/148 |títol=Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls |publisher=Whc.unesco.org |accessdate=11 September 2010}}:</small></ref>
 
Uèi, l'estatut de Jerusalèm demora un problèma central del [[Conflicte Israelopalestinian]]. Pendent la [[Guèrra araboisraelianaAraboisraeliana de 1948]], [[Jerusalèm Oèst]] foguèt entre los airals envasits puèi annexats per Israèl, mentre que [[Jerusalèm Èst]] foguèt capturat per [[Jordania]]. Israèl s'emparèt de Jerusalèm Èst en 1967 durant la [[Guèrra dels Sièis Jorns]] en seguida de que lo territòri foguèt annexat. Actualament, la [[Leis Basicas d'Israèl|Lei Basica israeliana]] fa de Jerusalèm la capitala indevesibla del país. La comunautat internacionala regeta l'annexion coma ilegalaillegala e consideraconsidèra Jerusalèm Èst coma un territòri palestinaianpalestinian jos ocupacion militara israeliana.<ref>:<small>{{cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-11709617|title=Israel plans 1,300 East Jerusalem Jewish settler homes|work=BBC News |date=9 November 2010|quote=East Jerusalem is regarded as occupied Palestinian territory by the international community, but Israel says it is part of its territory.}}:</small></ref><ref>:<small>{{Cite book|títol=The Question of Palestine & the United Nations|publisher=United Nations Department of Public Information|chapter=The status of Jerusalem|chapter-url=http://www.un.org/Depts/dpi/palestine/ch12.pdf|quote=East Jerusalem has been considered, by both the General Assembly and the Security Council, as part of the occupied Palestinian territory.|postscript=<!-- Bot inserted parameter. Either remove it; or change its value to "." for the cite to end in a ".", as necessary. -->{{inconsistent citations}}}}:</small></ref><ref>:<small>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8538791.stm Israeli authorities back 600 new East Jerusalem homes] BBC 26 February 2010:</small></ref><ref>:<small>[http://domino.un.org/unispal.nsf/0/441329a958089eaa852560c4004ee74d?OpenDocument Resolution 298 September 25, 1971:] "Recalling its resolutions ... concerning measures and actions by Israel designed to change the status of the Israeli-occupied section of Jerusalem,...":</small></ref> La comunautat internacionala reconeis pas Jerusalèm coma capitala d'Israèl, e la vila albergaalbèrga pas cap d'ambassada estrangièra.
 
Segon l'[[Oficina Centrala Palestiniana d'estatisticasEstatisticas]] 208,000{{formatnum:208000}} palestinians demorandemòran a Jerusalèm Èst, qu'es propausada per l'[[Autoritat Nacionala Palestiniana]] coma futura capitala d'un futur Estat Palestinian.<ref name="umd">:<small>{{Ligam web|url=http://www.publicpolicy.umd.edu/IPPP/Fall97Report/negotiating_jerusalem.htm |last=Segal |first=Jerome M. |publisher=The University of Maryland School of Public Policy |títol=Negotiating Jerusalem |accessdate=25 February 2007 |date=Fall 1997| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20060514191731/http://www.publicpolicy.umd.edu/IPPP/Fall97Report/negotiating_jerusalem.htm| archivedate = 14 May 2006}}:</small></ref><ref>:<small>{{Cite journal|author=Møller, Bjørn |títol=A Cooperative Structure for Israeli-Palestinian Relations |version=Working Paper No. 1 |publisher=Centre for European Policy Studies |month=November | year=2002 |url=http://shop.ceps.be/downfree.php?item_id=171 |format=PDF |accessdate=16 April 2007| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20040106192631/http://shop.ceps.be/downfree.php?item_id=171| archivedate = 6 January 2004}}:</small></ref><ref name="Jpost_EJ_P">:<small>[http://fr.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1202246355071&pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull Palestinians grow by a million in decade]:</small></ref>
 
Totas las brancas del govèrn israelian son situadasituadas a Jerusalèm, inclús la [[Knesset]] (Parlament israelian), la residéncia del primièr ministre e del president e la Cort Suprèma. Jerusalèm albergaalbèrga tanben l'[[Universitat Ebraïca de Jerusalèm|Universitat Ebraïca]] e lo [[Musèu d'Israèl]] amb son [[Santuari del Libre]]. Lo [[Zoo Biblic de Jerusalèm]] es classat pels israelians coma la pus granda atraction toristica.<ref>:<small>{{Ligam web|last=Rosenblum |first=Irit |url=http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/843385.html |títol=Haareez Biblical Zoo favorite tourist site in 2006 |work=Haaretz |location=Israel |accessdate=11 September 2010}}</ref><ref>{{Ligam web|last=Lis |first=Jonathan |url=http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/978314.html |títol=Jerusalem Zoo is Israel's number one tourist attraction |work=Haaretz |location=Israel |accessdate=2011-09-09}}:</small></ref>
 
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