Jerusalèm : Diferéncia entre versions

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* {{Cite book|title=The Holy City: Jerusalem in the Theology of the Old Testament |last=Hoppe |first=Leslie J. |publisher=Michael Glazier Books |month=August |year=2000 |isbn=0814650813 |page=14 |quote=Jerusalem has always enjoyed a prominent place in Islam. Jerusalem is often referred to as the third holiest city in Islam ... |accessdate=11 March 2007}}:</small></ref><ref>:<small>"Middle East peace plans" by Willard A. Beling": The Aqsa Mosque on the Temple Mount is the third holiest site in Sunni Islam after Mecca and Medina:</small></ref> Venguèt la primièra ''[[Qibla]]'', lo punt focal per la pregària musulmana ([[Salah]]) en 610 CE,<ref>:<small>{{cite book|editor1-last=Lewis|editor1-first=Bernard|editor2-last=Holt|editor2-first=P. M.|editor3-last=Lambton|editor3-first=Ann|title=Cambridge History of Islam|year=1986|publisher=Cambridge University Press}}:</small></ref> e segon la tradicion islamica, [[Maomet]] i faguèt son [[Isra and Mi'raj|viatge nocturn]] detz ans pus tard.<ref>:<small>{{Quran-usc-range|17|1|end=3}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book |last=Allen |first=Edgar |authorlink=Edgar Allen |year=2004 |title=States, Nations, and Borders: The Ethics of Making Boundaries |publisher=Cambridge University Press |isbn=0521525756 |url=http://books.google.com/?id=bntCSupRlO4C&pg=PA192&dq=Al-Masjid+Al-Aqsa |accessdate=9 June 2008}}</ref> En consequéncia, e malgrat una superfícia de solament 0.9 km2,<ref>{{Cite book|last=Kollek |first=Teddy |authorlink=Teddy Kollek |chapter=Afterword |editor=John Phillips |title=A Will to Survive – Israel: the Faces of the Terror 1948-the Faces of Hope Today|publisher=Dial Press/James Wade|year=1977|quote=about {{convert|225|acre|km2}}}}:</small></ref> la Vila Vièlha alberga de sites d'importància religiosa clau, entre eles cal senhalar: lo [[Mont del Temple]], lo [[Mur Oèst]], la [[Glèisa del Sant Sepulcre]], la [[Copòla de la Ròca]] e la [[mosqueta Al-Aqsa]].
 
Durant sa longa istòria, Jerusalèm foguèt destruïta dos còps, assejada 23 còps, atacada 52 còps, e presa e tornar presa 44 còps.<ref name="Moment">:<small>{{Ligam web|url=http://www.momentmag.com/Exclusive/2008/2008-03/200803-Jerusalem.html |publisher=Moment Magazine |títol=Do We Divide the Holiest Holy City? |accessdate=5 March 2008| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20080603214950/http://www.momentmag.com/Exclusive/2008/2008-03/200803-Jerusalem.html| archivedate = 3 June 2008}}. According to Eric H. Cline’s tally in Jerusalem Besieged.:</small></ref> La part pus vièlha de la vila foguèt establida al [[millenni IV abC]] abans JC, fasent de Jerusalèm una de las pus anciana ciutat del mond.<ref name="aice">:<small>{{Ligam web|url=http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Peace/jerutime.html |títol=Timeline for the History of Jerusalem |work=Jewish Virtual Library |accessdate=16 April 2007 |publisher=American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise}}:</small></ref> La vila vièlha al dintre dels barris, un site del [[Patrimòni Mondial de l'Umanitat]], es devesida tradicionalament en quatre quartièrs, e mai que los noms utilizats uèi: quartièrs [[Quartièr ArmenianArmèni|armenianarmèni]], [[Quartièr Crestian|crestian]], [[Quartièr Josieu (Jerusalèm)|josieu]], e [[Muslim Quarter|Muslim]] o foguèsson pas que dempuèi lo sègle XIX.<ref>:<small>{{Cite book|títol=Jerusalem in the 19th Century, The Old City |last=Ben-Arieh |first=Yehoshua |publisher=Yad Izhak Ben Zvi & St. Martin's Press |year=1984 |page=14 |isbn=0312441878}}:</small></ref> La vila vièlha foguèt nomenada per èsser inclusa dins la [[Lista del Patrimòni de l'Umanitat en Perilh]] per Jordania en 1982.<ref>:<small>{{Ligam web|url=http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/148 |títol=Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls |publisher=Whc.unesco.org |accessdate=11 September 2010}}:</small></ref>
 
Uèi, l'estatut de Jerusalèm demora un problèma central del [[Conflicte Israelopalestinian]]. Pendent la [[Guèrra araboisraeliana de 1948]], [[Jerusalèm Oèst]] foguèt entre los airals envasits puèi annexats per Israèl, mentre que [[Jerusalèm Èst]] foguèt capturat per [[Jordania]]. Israèl s'emparèt de Jerusalèm Èst en 1967 durant la [[Guèrra dels Sièis Jorns]] en seguida de que lo territòri foguèt annexat. Actualament, la [[Leis Basicas d'Israèl|Lei Basica israeliana]] fa de Jerusalèm la capitala indevesibla del país. La comunautat internacionala regeta l'annexion coma ilegala e considera Jerusalèm Èst coma un territòri palestinaian jos ocupacion militara israeliana.<ref>:<small>{{cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-11709617|title=Israel plans 1,300 East Jerusalem Jewish settler homes|work=BBC News |date=9 November 2010|quote=East Jerusalem is regarded as occupied Palestinian territory by the international community, but Israel says it is part of its territory.}}:</small></ref><ref>:<small>{{Cite book|títol=The Question of Palestine & the United Nations|publisher=United Nations Department of Public Information|chapter=The status of Jerusalem|chapter-url=http://www.un.org/Depts/dpi/palestine/ch12.pdf|quote=East Jerusalem has been considered, by both the General Assembly and the Security Council, as part of the occupied Palestinian territory.|postscript=<!-- Bot inserted parameter. Either remove it; or change its value to "." for the cite to end in a ".", as necessary. -->{{inconsistent citations}}}}:</small></ref><ref>:<small>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8538791.stm Israeli authorities back 600 new East Jerusalem homes] BBC 26 February 2010:</small></ref><ref>:<small>[http://domino.un.org/unispal.nsf/0/441329a958089eaa852560c4004ee74d?OpenDocument Resolution 298 September 25, 1971:] "Recalling its resolutions ... concerning measures and actions by Israel designed to change the status of the Israeli-occupied section of Jerusalem,...":</small></ref> La comunautat internacionala reconeis pas Jerusalèm coma capitala d'Israèl, e la vila alberga pas cap d'ambassada estrangièra.
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